Cebu (/seɪˈbuː/; Cebuano: Sugbu) is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Visayas (Region VII) region and consists of the main island and 167 surrounding islands and islets. Its capital is Cebu City, the oldest city and first capital of the Philippines, which is politically independent of the provincial government. The Cebu Metropolitan Area is formed by seven neighboring cities (Carcar City, Cebu City, Danao City, Lapu-Lapu City, Mandaue City, Naga City, and Talisay City) and eight other local government units. Mactan–Cebu International Airport, located on Mactan Island, is the second busiest airport in the Philippines.
Cebu is one of the most developed provinces in the Philippines with Metro Cebu being the second largest metropolitan area in the Philippines (after Metro Manila) and Cebu City as the main center of commerce, trade, education and industry in the Visayas. In a decade it has transformed into a global hub for shipping, furniture-making, tourism, business processing services, and heavy industry.